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Meet Joseph Turevsky, who brought to the editorial board interesting materials about anti-Semitism in the Soviet Union at the governmental level. 

This theme is, of course, far from new. But it did not become less painful for us over time. I will quote from work of the historian, Professor Gennady Vasilyevich Kostyrchenko. "In the Captivity of the Red Pharaoh". The material is especially poignant because its author is not Jewish.

"The state anti-Semitism that was gaining strength manifested itself not only in the form of personnel limitations (restrictions on employment), but also in the propaganda sphere. For example, in January 1942, the Bolshevik Journal published an article by the Deputy Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, AE Badaev, in which this old Bolshevik, quoting Stalin's words earlier, that '... the friendship of the peoples of the USSR is a great and serious conquest,' cited statistics of the national composition of servicemen awarded with military orders and medals. Pointing out separately how many such were among the Russians, Ukrainians, Byelorussians, etc. At the very end of the list, he lists all the other nationalities without figures, whose representatives received awards for a year and a half of the war, after the Buryats, Circassians, Khakass, Avars, Kumyks, Yakuts, and Jews. There was a clear desire to belittle the contribution of Jews into the armed struggle against the enemy.

After all, according to the data of the Main Directorate of Personnel of the USSR People's Commissariat of Defense on January 15, 1943, Jews were on the fourth place in terms of the number of people awarded (6,767 people) after Russians (181,178 people), Ukrainians (44,344 people), Belarusians (7,210 people) . Moreover, six months later on June 1, 1943, Jews outstripped Belarusians and reached the third place (although there were fewer Jews in the USSR than Belarusians).

Outraged by this disparaging attitude to the merits of the whole people, the leaders of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee, S. Mihoels and S. Epshtein, April 2, 1943 a note to the Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, the head of the Sovinformbureau, Shcherbakov. In their opinion, such distorted information could be picked up by "Hitler agents" spreading malicious rumors that "the Jews are not at war." However, the demarche of the offended community leaders of Soviet Jewry, as might be expected, had no consequences. Like a similar message, the letter, without having had time to enter the Central Committee, was immediately sent by Shcherbakov to the archive."

The author of the above-mentioned book-monograph on all the facts cited by him gives references to archival materials, including the Russian Center for the Storage and Study of Documents of Contemporary History until 1991, the Central Party Archives of the Institute of Marxism-Leninism under the CPSU Central Committee.

This was the state policy of anti-Semitism in, glory to G‑d, the disappeared country. I want to end a funny episode in a way. In the thirties of the last century, the Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Works was built in the Urals, popularly known simply as a "magnet". The people went there a lot, including Jews (and how else, we always seem to have something to do with it). A famous writer and famous journalist Ilya Ehrenburg wrote about this huge building (Hitler promised to hang him among the first after he defeated the USSR). After the delivery of the Ehrenburg manuscript, the editor-in-chief summoned and, among other remarks, pointed to a large number of the names of "non-indigenous nationalities" mentioned in the book, that is, Jewish ones, and recommended to reduce them. To which Ilya Ehrenburg reacted with the question: "What should I do with the name on the cover of the book?"